The US Inflation Calculator measures the buying power of the dollar over time. Just enter any two dates from 1913 to 2018, an amount, and then click 'Calculate'.

Inflation Calculator

  If in (enter year)  
  I purchased an item for $    
  then in (enter year)  
  that same item would cost:  
  Cumulative rate of inflation:  
 
 

*Learn how this calculator works. This US Inflation Calculator uses the latest US government CPI data published on June 12 to adjust for inflation and calculate the cumulative inflation rate through May 2018. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and inflation for June 2018 is scheduled for release by the U.S. Labor Department's Bureau of Labor Statistics on July 14, 2018. (See a chart of recent inflation rates.)


U.S. Producer Prices Rise in October, but Core Wholesale Inflation Falls

U.S. producer prices in October increased 0.3% as a result of higher food and energy prices, but core wholesale inflation, which excludes the volatile food and energy costs, declined 0.6%, according to a government reported released Tuesday.

The Labor Department’s Producer Price Index, which measures inflation pressures before they reach the consumer, has increased twice during the past four months. Prices declined 0.6% in September following a 1.7% increase in August.

Energy prices at the wholesale level increased 1.6% in October after a decline of 2.4% in September. Gasoline costs climbed 1.9%, accounting for almost half of the increase. Food prices also rose 1.6%, following a 0.1% decline in the month prior. Fresh and dry vegetables prices jumped 24.2% and accounted for about half of the increase.

"There is little doubt that over the last few months, inflation has picked up in the economy," wrote Dan Greenhaus, an economist for Miller Tabak & Co. who was cited on MarketWatch. "But in a general sense, the overall slack in the economy and weakness in the labor market will work to hold down broader inflation measurements over the coming quarters."

Compared with a year earlier, producer prices were 1.9% lower in October. Continue reading U.S. Producer Prices Rise in October, but Core Wholesale Inflation Falls

US Inflation Remains ‘Subdued’, Says Fed

The Federal Reserve ended its two-day meeting Wednesday, and as expected the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) did not raise interest rates. Further, in an exact parallel to its last statement, it noted that US inflation remained under control, stating:

With substantial resource slack likely to continue to dampen cost pressures and with longer-term inflation expectations stable, the Committee expects that inflation will remain subdued for some time.

September inflation data indicated that consumer prices declined 1.3% during the prior 12 months and that core annual inflation, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, rose just 1.5% — well within the Federal Reserve’s comfort range of between 1%-2%.

It appears its benchmark federal funds rate will remain virtually at zero for some time as the "economic activity is likely to remain weak for a time," according to the FOMC.

"The one consistent theme with all the Fed speakers is that they’re not going to raise rates any time soon," Drew Matus, an economist at Bank of America-Merrill Lynch, was quoted on NYTimes.com. "That is the one consistent theme that gets hammered home time and again."

In a unanimous vote, the FOMC decided to keep its key rate unchanged in a range of zero to 0.25 percent.

The released Fed statement follows in its entirety: Continue reading US Inflation Remains ‘Subdued’, Says Fed

US wholesale inflation drops as producer prices decline 0.6% in September

Sharply lower energy costs helped pull US wholesale inflation down as producer prices declined 0.6% in September and 4.8% on a year-over-year basis, the government reported Tuesday.

The latest Labor Department’s Producer Price Index number, which measures prices at the factory door and inflation pressures before they reach the consumer, follows 1.7% increase in August.

"Inflation is not an immediate concern," Ryan Sweet, an economist at Moody’s Economy.com in West Chester, Pennsylvania, was quoted on Bloomberg. "We’re probably going to see core inflation continue to soften over the next couple of months" and "this will likely keep the Fed on the sidelines for the foreseeable future."

Both food and energy prices at the wholesale level dropped in September, falling 0.1% and 2.4%, respectively. Continue reading US wholesale inflation drops as producer prices decline 0.6% in September

US Consumer Prices Edge Higher in September, 12-Month Inflation Down 1.3%

US consumer prices inched slightly higher but at a slower pace in September than in August, government released data revealed Thursday.

The Consumer Price Index rose 0.2% last month following a 0.4% increase in August, according to the latest monthly CPI report from the Labor Department. Excluding volatile food and energy prices, the so called core CPI also increased by 0.2%. The same August reading was up by 0.1%.

The latest data again eases concerns of rising inflation — at least for now — as a result of the Fed injecting an unprecedented amount of money into the US economy to stir the recovery.

"Today’s figures won’t shift the argument about inflation risks at the Fed. They don’t show deflation, but nor do they show sufficient inflation pressures to make the doves want to tighten soon," Nigel Gault, chief U.S. economist at IHS Global Insight in Lexington, Massachusetts, was quoted on Reuters.

Continue reading US Consumer Prices Edge Higher in September, 12-Month Inflation Down 1.3%

US Inflation Calculator, Inflation Rates Update

US inflation is contained for at least one more month as consumer prices edged slightly higher in September, the government reported Thursday.

Consumer prices rose slightly at 0.2% following a 0.4% increase in August, according to Consumer Price Index data released by the Labor Department. Prices were held in check by falling food costs and moderating energy bills.

"Inflation remains muted," Jennifer Lee, an economist at BMO Capital Markets in Toronto, was quoted on Bloomberg. "There is still much excess capacity to absorb, retailers are still fighting for their share of consumers’ shrinking wallets."

Annual inflation is down 1.3% after the 1.5% reading in August. It was the seventh consecutive monthly decline. Continue reading US Inflation Calculator, Inflation Rates Update

Fed: Economy has ‘Picked Up’, US Inflation ‘Subdued’

The Federal Reserve ended its two-day meeting Wednesday, and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) held interest rates steady near zero, as expected. The FOMC followed the meeting with a statement saying that "economic activity has picked up." It also indicated US inflation was under control, stating:

With substantial resource slack likely to continue to dampen cost pressures and with longer-term inflation expectations stable, the Committee expects that inflation will remain subdued for some time.

To provide support to mortgage lending and housing markets, the Fed noted that it expects to finish purchases of "$1.25 trillion of agency mortgage-backed securities and up to $200 billion of agency debt" in a slowing pace until the first quarter of 2010.

August inflation data showed that consumer prices had decreased 1.5% during the prior 12 months and that core annual inflation, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, rose just 1.4%. That was the smallest year-over-year gain since February 2004, and well within the Federal Reserve’s traditional comfort zone of between 1%-2%. Continue reading Fed: Economy has ‘Picked Up’, US Inflation ‘Subdued’

Annual US inflation Down 1.5%, August Consumer Prices Higher on Energy Costs

U.S. consumer prices rose slightly in August but the key measure of inflation remained lower over the past 12 months, the government reported Wednesday morning.

Led by a 9.1% increase in gasoline prices, the Consumer Price Index rose 0.4% in August and followed no change in July, according to the Labor Department. The core CPI, which excludes volatile energy and food prices, increased 0.1% in August, the same level as July.

"For inflation to be a concern, we’d have to see core rates rising consistently above 0.2% each month and wages start to rise," PNC analyst Robert Dye was quoted on CNNMoney. "The labor markets are far from healed enough for that to happen."

The latest data also helps to ease concerns of rising inflation due to recent government spending and the Federal Reserve monetary policy of injecting cash into the US economy in a continuing effort to stimulate a recovery. Continue reading Annual US inflation Down 1.5%, August Consumer Prices Higher on Energy Costs

Inflation Calculator and Rates Information Update

US consumer prices edged slightly higher in August, due largely to higher energy costs, but they are lower over the past 12 months, new government data reveals.

The Consumer Price Index, which is the government’s most closely watched barometer for measuring inflation at the consumer level, rose 0.4% in August. The increase was "driven by a 9.1 percent rise in the gasoline index," according to the monthly released CPI report from the Labor Department.

"Oil is becoming the bane of our existence again, but other cost pressures remain reasonably well restrained," Joel Naroff, president of Naroff Economic Advisors was noted on Forbes.com.

Compared to the same period a year ago, consumer prices fell 1.5% — due largely again to gasoline prices — they were higher in August compared to the previous month but sharply lower than the levels seen last summer.

The US Inflation Calculator is updated with the newest government information, as are the following inflation rate and data pages:

1913-2009 CPI Data

Inflation Rates

Historical Inflation Rates

Annual Averages for Rate of Inflation

For an in depth look at August consumer prices, read Annual US inflation Down 1.5%.

US wholesale inflation higher as August producer prices rise 1.7%

US wholesale inflation ticked higher in August as producer prices rose 1.7% during the month, according to newly released data from the Labor Department. The monthly increase contrasts against a 0.9% decline in July, and is sharply above — more than double — what many analysts were expecting.

"We are concerned about the outlook for inflation later in 2010 and this report suggests that inflation pressures may be beginning to stir in manufacturing," John Ryding and Conrad DeQuadros of RDQ Economics was quoted on MarketWatch.com.

The Labor Department’s Producer Price Index data, which measures prices at the factory door and inflation pressures before they reach the consumer, showed the bulk of the increase came from higher energy costs. Continue reading US wholesale inflation higher as August producer prices rise 1.7%

US Consumer prices unchanged, biggest annual inflation drop since 1950

U.S. consumer prices remained unchanged in July but annual inflation registered its largest decline since 1950, the Labor Department reported Friday.

The latest data helped ease concerns of rising inflation due to government spending and the Federal Reserves monetary policy of injecting cash into the US economy.

"It [inflation] could be a very large long-run problem," Mickey Levy, Bank of America, chief economist, was quoted on NYTimes.com. "But in the near-term, it’s not a problem at all."

The Consumer Price Index, which measures inflation pressures at the consumer level, remained unchanged in July due largely to Continue reading US Consumer prices unchanged, biggest annual inflation drop since 1950