Historical Inflation Rates: 1914-2024

The table displays historical inflation rates with annual figures from 1914 to the present. These inflation rates are calculated using the Consumer Price Index, which is published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department of Labor. The latest BLS data, covering up to May, was released on June 12, 2024. The next inflation update is scheduled for July 11, and it will provide historical inflation rates up to June.

For visual charts and tables that focus on most recent inflation data, please refer to current inflation rates. For calculating the cumulative rate of inflation between specific dates, please refer to the US Inflation Calculator.

Table of Historical Inflation Rates in Percent
(1914-2024)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Ave
1914 2.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 2.1 1.0 1.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
1915 1.0 1.0 0.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 -1.0 -1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 1.0
1916 3.0 4.0 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.9 6.9 7.9 9.9 10.8 11.7 12.6 7.9
1917 12.5 15.4 14.3 18.9 19.6 20.4 18.5 19.3 19.8 19.5 17.4 18.1 17.4
1918 19.7 17.5 16.7 12.7 13.3 13.1 18.0 18.5 18.0 18.5 20.7 20.4 18.0
1919 17.9 14.9 17.1 17.6 16.6 15.0 15.2 14.9 13.4 13.1 13.5 14.5 14.6
1920 17.0 20.4 20.1 21.6 21.9 23.7 19.5 14.7 12.4 9.9 7.0 2.6 15.6
1921 -1.6 -5.6 -7.1 -10.8 -14.1 -15.8 -14.9 -12.8 -12.5 -12.1 -12.1 -10.8 -10.5
1922 -11.1 -8.2 -8.7 -7.7 -5.6 -5.1 -5.1 -6.2 -5.1 -4.6 -3.4 -2.3 -6.1
1923 -0.6 -0.6 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.8 2.4 3.0 3.6 3.6 3.0 2.4 1.8
1924 3.0 2.4 1.8 0.6 0.6 0.0 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 0.0 0.0
1925 0.0 0.0 1.2 1.2 1.8 2.9 3.5 4.1 3.5 2.9 4.7 3.5 2.3
1926 3.5 4.1 2.9 4.1 2.9 1.1 -1.1 -1.7 -1.1 -0.6 -1.7 -1.1 1.1
1927 -2.2 -2.8 -2.8 -3.4 -2.2 -0.6 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -1.1 -2.3 -2.3 -1.7
1928 -1.1 -1.7 -1.2 -1.2 -1.1 -2.8 -1.2 -0.6 0.0 -1.1 -0.6 -1.2 -1.7
1929 -1.2 0.0 -0.6 -1.2 -1.2 0.0 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0
1930 0.0 -0.6 -0.6 0.6 -0.6 -1.8 -4.0 -4.6 -4.0 -4.6 -5.2 -6.4 -2.3
1931 -7.0 -7.6 -7.7 -8.8 -9.5 -10.1 -9.0 -8.5 -9.6 -9.7 -10.4 -9.3 -9.0
1932 -10.1 -10.2 -10.3 -10.3 -10.5 -9.9 -9.9 -10.6 -10.7 -10.7 -10.2 -10.3 -9.9
1933 -9.8 -9.9 -10.0 -9.4 -8.0 -6.6 -3.7 -2.2 -1.5 -0.8 0.0 0.8 -5.1
1934 2.3 4.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.5 2.3 1.5 3.0 2.3 2.3 1.5 3.1
1935 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.8 3.8 2.2 2.2 2.2 0.7 1.5 2.2 3.0 2.2
1936 1.5 0.7 0.0 -0.7 -0.7 0.7 1.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.5
1937 2.2 2.2 3.6 4.4 5.1 4.3 4.3 3.6 4.3 4.3 3.6 2.9 3.6
1938 0.7 0.0 -0.7 -0.7 -2.1 -2.1 -2.8 -2.8 -3.4 -4.1 -3.4 -2.8 -2.1
1939 -1.4 -1.4 -1.4 -2.8 -2.1 -2.1 -2.1 -2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1.4
1940 -0.7 0.7 0.7 1.4 1.4 2.2 1.4 1.4 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.7
1941 1.4 0.7 1.4 2.1 2.9 4.3 5.0 6.4 7.9 9.3 10.0 9.9 5.0
1942 11.3 12.1 12.7 12.6 13.2 10.9 11.6 10.7 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.0 10.9
1943 7.6 7.0 7.5 8.1 7.4 7.4 6.1 4.8 5.5 4.2 3.6 3.0 6.1
1944 3.0 3.0 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.6 1.7 2.3 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.3 1.7
1945 2.3 2.3 2.3 1.7 2.3 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3
1946 2.2 1.7 2.8 3.4 3.4 3.3 9.4 11.6 12.7 14.9 17.7 18.1 8.3
1947 18.1 18.8 19.7 19.0 18.4 17.6 12.1 11.4 12.7 10.6 8.5 8.8 14.4
1948 10.2 9.3 6.8 8.7 9.1 9.5 9.9 8.9 6.5 6.1 4.8 3.0 8.1
1949 1.3 1.3 1.7 0.4 -0.4 -0.8 -2.9 -2.9 -2.4 -2.9 -1.7 -2.1 -1.2
1950 -2.1 -1.3 -0.8 -1.3 -0.4 -0.4 1.7 2.1 2.1 3.8 3.8 5.9 1.3
1951 8.1 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.3 8.8 7.5 6.6 7.0 6.5 6.9 6.0 7.9
1952 4.3 2.3 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.3 3.1 3.1 2.3 1.9 1.1 0.8 1.9
1953 0.4 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.8
1954 1.1 1.5 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.4 -0.7 -0.4 -0.7 0.7
1955 -0.7 -0.7 -0.7 -0.4 -0.7 -0.7 -0.4 -0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 -0.4
1956 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 1.1 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.2 3.0 1.5
1957 3.0 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.7 3.3 2.9 3.3 2.9 3.3
1958 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.8 2.8
1959 1.4 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.7 0.7
1960 1.0 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7
1961 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.0 0.7 1.4 1.0 1.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0
1962 0.7 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0
1963 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.3
1964 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.3
1965 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.6
1966 1.9 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.8 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.5 2.9
1967 3.5 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.4 2.8 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.1
1968 3.6 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.2
1969 4.4 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.9 6.2 5.5
1970 6.2 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.7
1971 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.1 3.8 3.3 3.3 4.4
1972 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.2 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.4 3.2
1973 3.6 3.9 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.0 5.7 7.4 7.4 7.8 8.3 8.7 6.2
1974 9.4 10.0 10.4 10.1 10.7 10.9 11.5 10.9 11.9 12.1 12.2 12.3 11.0
1975 11.8 11.2 10.3 10.2 9.5 9.4 9.7 8.6 7.9 7.4 7.4 6.9 9.1
1976 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.8
1977 5.2 5.9 6.4 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.7 6.5
1978 6.8 6.4 6.6 6.5 7.0 7.4 7.7 7.8 8.3 8.9 8.9 9.0 7.6
1979 9.3 9.9 10.1 10.5 10.9 10.9 11.3 11.8 12.2 12.1 12.6 13.3 11.3
1980 13.9 14.2 14.8 14.7 14.4 14.4 13.1 12.9 12.6 12.8 12.6 12.5 13.5
1981 11.8 11.4 10.5 10.0 9.8 9.6 10.8 10.8 11.0 10.1 9.6 8.9 10.3
1982 8.4 7.6 6.8 6.5 6.7 7.1 6.4 5.9 5.0 5.1 4.6 3.8 6.2
1983 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.2
1984 4.2 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.3
1985 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.8 3.6
1986 3.9 3.1 2.3 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.9
1987 1.5 2.1 3.0 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4 3.6
1988 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.1
1989 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.8
1990 5.2 5.3 5.2 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.8 5.6 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.4
1991 5.7 5.3 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.4 3.8 3.4 2.9 3.0 3.1 4.2
1992 2.6 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0
1993 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.7 3.0
1994 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6
1995 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.8
1996 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.0
1997 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.8 1.7 2.3
1998 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
1999 1.7 1.6 1.7 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.2
2000 2.7 3.2 3.8 3.1 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4
2001 3.7 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.6 3.2 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.1 1.9 1.6 2.8
2002 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.8 1.5 2.0 2.2 2.4 1.6
2003 2.6 3.0 3.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.3
2004 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.3 3.1 3.3 3.0 2.7 2.5 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.7
2005 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.5 2.8 2.5 3.2 3.6 4.7 4.3 3.5 3.4 3.4
2006 4.0 3.6 3.4 3.5 4.2 4.3 4.1 3.8 2.1 1.3 2.0 2.5 3.2
2007 2.1 2.4 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.0 2.8 3.5 4.3 4.1 2.8
2008 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.2 5.0 5.6 5.4 4.9 3.7 1.1 0.1 3.8
2009 0.0 0.2 -0.4 -0.7 -1.3 -1.4 -2.1 -1.5 -1.3 -0.2 1.8 2.7 -0.4
2010 2.6 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.6
2011 1.6 2.1 2.7 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.2
2012 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.3 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.7 2.1
2013 1.6 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.5
2014 1.6 1.1 1.5 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.3 0.8 1.6
2015 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.1
2016 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.7 2.1 1.3
2017 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1
2018 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.2 1.9 2.4
2019 1.6 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.1 2.3 1.8
2020 2.5 2.3 1.5 0.3 0.1 0.6 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2
2021 1.4 1.7 2.6 4.2 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.2 6.8 7.0 4.7
2022 7.5 7.9 8.5 8.3 8.6 9.1 8.5 8.3 8.2 7.7 7.1 6.5 8.0
2023 6.4 6.0 5.0 4.9 4.0 3.0 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.4 4.1
2024 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.3 Avail.
July
11